Updated: 2 days ago
The following Islamic inheritance table gives essential information for the learner. Spouse, Parents (or Grandparents, how high soever), and Children (or Grandchildren, how low soever) are the primary legal heirs under Muslim succession law. Two main types of Islamic legal heirs are fixed or prescribed sharers (or Al-Faraidh or Furud called in Arabic) and residuary (or Asabah, Asabat called in Arabic). If neither of the primary heirs survives, the Distant kindred will be eligible subject to differences of opinions of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence schools (Hanafi, Shafii, Maliki, and Hanbali). This representation is for an overview, but there are many details to go behind that you can learn through our video series and blogs.
We can deduce the below points from this Islamic inheritance table to help you learn Islamic inheritance law.
The first column shows the Islamic inheritors' names, such as Husband, Wife, Son, Daughter, etc. Now you know the prospective inheritors eligible to inherit under Muslim succession law are Spouse, Parents (or Grandparents), Children (or Grandchildren), Siblings, Consanguine male relatives, and distant kindred relatives.
The second column shows the legend for each inheritor to help you memorize quickly. For example, H for Husband, W for Wife, etc.
The third column shows the possible inheritors fixed or prescribed shares. For example, Daughters of Sons can inherit 1/2, 2/3 or 1/6 depending upon the situation.
The fourth column shows the inheritors who can inherit as residuary. For example, Sons can inherit as either Joint residuary (jR) or Independent residuary (iR). In another example, Daughters can inherit only as Joint residuary (jR).
The fourth column shows that inheritors can receive a share as only fixed or prescribed sharer but not as a residuary. For example, the Husband, Wife, Mother, Mother of Mother, Mother of Father, Maternal brothers, and Maternal sisters cannot inherit as a residuary.
Allah, the Most Glorified and the Most High, knows the best. As a human, We are limited to everything and can not perceive it in totality...