The following Islamic inheritance table gives essential information for the learner regarding Islamic residuary shares and sharers. Spouse, Parents (or Grandparents, how high soever), and Children (or Grandchildren, how low soever) are the primary legal heirs under Muslim succession law. Two main types of Islamic legal heirs are fixed or prescribed sharers (or Al-Faraidh or Furud called in Arabic) and residuary (or Asabah, Asabat called in Arabic). Sharers have the right to a specific portion of the deceased person's property, while Residuaries inherit the remaining portion of the estate once the sharers have received their designated share. If neither of the primary heirs survives, the Distant kindred will be eligible subject to differences of opinions of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence schools (Hanafi, Shafii, Maliki, and Hanbali). This representation is for an overview, but there are many details to go behind that you can learn through our video series and blogs.
We can deduce the below points from this Islamic inheritance table to help you learn Islamic inheritance law.
The first column shows the Islamic inheritors' names, such as Husband, Wife, Son, Daughter, etc. Now you know the prospective inheritors eligible to inherit under Muslim succession law are Spouse, Parents (or Grandparents), Children (or Grandchildren), Siblings, Consanguine male relatives, and distant kindred relatives. There are 12 sharers including Husband, Wife, Daughter, Daughter of a son (or son's son or son's son and so on how low soever), Father, Paternal Grandfather (or Father of Father how low soever), Mother, Paternal Grandmother and Maternal Grandmother (i.e., Grandmother on the male line), Full sister, Paternal or Consanguine sister, Maternal or Uterine sister, and Uterine brother.
The second column shows the legend for each inheritor to help you memorize quickly. For example, H for Husband, W for Wife, etc.
The third column shows the possible inheritors fixed or prescribed shares. For example, Daughters of Sons can inherit 1/2, 2/3 or 1/6, depending upon the situation.
The fourth column shows the inheritors who can inherit as Muslim residuary sharers. For example, Sons can inherit as either Joint residuary (jR) or Independent residuary (iR). In another example, Daughters can inherit only as Joint residuary (jR).
The fourth column shows that inheritors can receive a share as only fixed or prescribed sharer but not as a residuary. For example, the Husband, Wife, Mother, Mother of Mother, Mother of Father, Maternal brothers, and Maternal sisters cannot inherit as a residuary.
Allah, the Most Glorified and the Most High, knows the best. As a human, We are limited to everything and can not perceive it in totality...