SECULAR AND LEGAL LAWS
Each and every world country has made laws, acts, or regulations to bring the harmony in the community and society. Legal laws override the religious laws in some cases. Non-Muslim majority countries are trending their law structure with secularism concept. Many muslim majority nations have adopted English and French civil and family laws in their legal system with one exception, is the inheritance law which is still has some roots standing across world. The inheritance laws in general are promised to citizen by constitutions with some exceptions. Before we go further, I want you to read these similarities between Islamic and legal laws.
There is no specific laws but legal laws govern the secularism. There is an open ground of war between secularism and religion. Secularism posing questions, concerns and criticism. Religions do not have other options then defending. Secularism is rising day to day and so, the defense becomes weaker day by day. The major reform on Islamic law came not before 19th century because the secularism is spreading fast and the seeking the solution to make the Religion equals Secular.
It is important to have the clear understanding of Secularism in the context of religions. The word “Secular” and “Secularism” has the root from Latin word “Saecula” means “world”or “age”. In common jargon, it is to say someone is “Secular” means he is focused on “this world or the age” only, that is a world without God. Secularization is increasingly difficult to define due to the theory being continuously revised. This theory simply refers to the decline of religious thinking and influence over individuals. Religious ceremonies have steadily decreased showing the impact of secularization on marriage. (REF- https://www.tutor2u.net/sociology/topics/secularisation-family).
If you want to summarize the changes in family structure over the past century, the truest thing to say is this: We’ve made life freer for individuals and more unstable for families. We’ve made life better for adults but worse for children. We’ve moved from big, interconnected, and extended families, which helped protect the most vulnerable people in society from the shocks of life, to smaller, detached nuclear families (a married couple and their children), which give the most privileged people in society room to maximize their talents and expand their options. The shift from bigger and interconnected extended families to smaller and detached nuclear families ultimately led to a familial system that liberates the rich and ravages the working-class and the poor. All forms of inequality are cruel, but family inequality may be the cruelest. It damages the heart. Eventually family inequality even undermines the economy the nuclear family was meant to serve: Children who grow up in chaos have trouble becoming skilled, stable, and socially mobile employees later on. (REF-The Nuclear family was a mistake by David Boorks, published March 2020 issue, Link: https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2020/03/the-nuclear-family-was-a-mistake/605536/)
This is the most ideal family system in the secular world and now we are debating and reforming Islamic inheritance law which is very far from secular world and so, really there is no line appears where to stop on debating topic like this. It is not possible to align the Islamic law with secular law with few exceptions. Islam is not only emphasizing the family system but regulated by law of marriage and inheritance.
Religion on the other hand, as defined here, is, in its mundane aspect, an institution separating and upholding “sacred” acts as against those worldly or “profane.” All religions from “primitive” to the most advanced types-such as Confucianism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and their derivatives-have classified family relations as the most important of “sacred acts” of a “wordly” type. A true believer must not only love “God” but he must be very faithful in family obligations involved in carrying out the roles of husband, wife, parent, child or kindred. Very much of this arises out of the fact that religion institutionalizes the quintessence of the basic mores. It is a collective and not an individual “fact.” Religious control of family has lasted long periods, but ages of extreme individualism or of unlimited state of control of the family have been short and violent. (REF- Family and Religion by Carle C. Zimmerman: Social science, Vol.48, No.4 (AUTUMN 1973)) The Bible (Psalm 14:1) lables such a person a fool. (REF-A lecture on “Secularism on the March: The Abolition of Marriage and Family.” delivered on 24 October 2018 by Dr. Stephen Noll. Link: https://www.gafcon.org/resources/secularism-on-the-march-the-abolition-of-marriage-and-family).
In Islam, Secular people have turned to believers when harm touches them in the form of sickness, hardships or disasters (REF -Holy Quran 17:67).
We encourage you to read our book, which includes exclusive details about Jewish, Christian, and Hindu Inheritance laws. Islamic inheritance law is compared one-to-one with other laws and includes an extensive summary based on research.