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Muslim Grandparent's Inheritance share in Islam

Muslim grandparents inherit under Islamic law when parents do not survive in general. There is certain Hajb (i.e. blocking or exclusion) rules are applicable for ascendants of Grandparents. Under Muslim succession rules, the Father of the Father (i.e., Grandfather) inherits the share if Father does not survive. Father of Father inherits one-sixth (i.e., 1/6) fixed or prescribed share. Father of Father receives additional Residue (i.e., One-sixth + Residue) if Sons and Sons of Sons how low soever do not survive. Mother of Father (i.e., Paternal grandmother) and Mother of Mother (i.e., Maternal grandmother) inherit if Mother does not survive. Mother of Father inherits one-sixth (i.e., 1/6) if no Mother and no Mother of Mother survive. Mother of Mother inherits one-sixth if no Mother and no Mother of Father survive. Mother of Mother and Mother of Father inherit one-twelfth (i.e, 1/12) each if Mother does not survive. Paternal Grandmother (i.e., Mother of Father how high soever) does not inherit if Father survives as per Hanafi, Shafii, and Maliki but does receive a share as per Hanbali. Note that as far as the grandmother is concerned, she will either be deprived completely or takes her share. Any reduction due to a number is not called "Reduction" in Islamic inheritance law jargon, as it could happen to everyone. You can see the Parents and Grandparents chart for more information.

If Husband left with Wife or Widow, Husband's Grandparents will be eligible to receive division. If Wife left with Husband or Widower, Wife's Grandparents will be eligible to receive division. This feature is unique under Muslim succession law, and you may not find many other laws.


Refer to "Islamic inheritance sharers and residuary" to learn more about grandparents' shares. Refer to "Islamic Inheritance Blocking Rules" to learn more.

Wassiyyah has made learning of Muslim inheritance law easy through an online crash course. Also, we encourage you to read our book, which includes exclusive details about Islamic inheritance sharers, shares, residuary, and distant kindred relatives.

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